A Step by Step Guide in Making Paper

Today, learning how to make paper has become a popular craft in homes and art classes across the world. And for good reason: it is simple, fun, and affordable to make paper. Commercially papermaking depletes forrests. A simpler way, and one that is less traumatic on the environment, is to recycle household items, such as paper bags, napkins, tissue paper, giving you the freedom to create marvelous paper products for a variety of uses. Lets get started!

rafia shredded paper

rafia shredded paper

Paper Making Tools

The first step is to turn your workspace into a mini paper making factory. To do that, you will need to gear up with a few readily available household items, a few bought ones, and a few that you will need to assemble yourself.

You will need:

  • Deckle & Mold
  • Blender
  • Plastic Basin
  • Sponge
  • Nylon screen
  • Hairdryer (optional)

Creating your deckle

Start by sourcing:

  • Two identical wooden frames
  • Fine mesh or netting
  • Stapler
  • Duct tape

Now you are ready to begin. As it is, one frame will be the deckle. The other will be the mould. To prepare the mould:

  • Stretch the fine mesh across the frame
  • Carefully staple the fine mesh or netting to the sides of the frame
  • Cover the sides in duct tape (be careful not to cover the inside of the frame)

Paper Making Ingredients

The next step is selecting your paper making ingredients. A variety of items can be used, but as each ingredient may lend towards a different end product, depending on the color and thickness of ingredients, take a moment to consider the sort of paper you want to make.

  • Newspaper (gray color)
  • Egg Cartons (thicker paper)
  • Boxes or Card (thicker paper)
  • Computer Paper
  • Napkins (finer paper)
  • Tissue Paper (finer paper)
  • Colored Paper (colored paper)

Once you have collected your ingredients, tear the paper up into small pieces, squares of about 1 inch (or 2.5 cm) are optimal. If you are using thicker ingredients, soak these in warm water for 5 minutes before getting started.

Paper Making – Step by Step Guide

Step 1 – Blending the pulp:

  • Add your paper to the blender, filling just a third of the container
  • Top the blender up with warm water, giving you a ratio of about 1:2
  • Set your blender to a slow setting and begin blending until mixture is a smooth consistency (this should take between 30-60 seconds)

Step 2: – Turning pulp into paper:

  • Place your mould, mesh side up, in your plastic basin
  • Place the deckle on top of the mold
  • Fill the basic with water, so that the water level is about 2cm short of the top of the deckle
  • Hold the deckle down firmly, and pour your pulp into the deckle
  • Move the deckle / mould unit from side to side, distributing the pulp evenly
  • Then lift the unit up above water level to drain excess water from the pulp
  • Sponge the underside of the mould to remove excess water
  • Tilt the unit slightly to remove any trapped water

Step 3: – Drying your paper:

  • Place the unit on a flat surface and remove the deckle, exposing the pulp
  • Carefully, flip the mould so that the pulp is now sandwiched between the mould and the flat surface
  • Sponge the back of the mould to remove any excess water
  • Gently remove the mould from the flat surface, leaving the pulp intact
  • Leave the paper for about 3 to 4 hours to dry

A Brief History of Paper Making

The concept of paper originated from ancient Egypt in the form of papyrus, from which the word ‘paper’ is derived. Our modern day concept of paper however was invented by Ts’ai-Lun, of China around 105 A.D.

paper box

paper box

Papyrus paper came as a result of the development of written language, an astounding breakthrough as prior efforts included carving into large clay tablets, which were near impossible to transport. In harvesting papyrus, Egyptians would slice the plant into thin strips and layer the strips into a mat, which was pounded thin and then baked in the sun. In classical times, papyrus paper was used extensively for religious texts, clerical records, as well as paintings and sketches within Egyptian, Roman and Greek cultures.

At the same time, in other parts of the world, mostly along the equatorial belt, substances were being used for similar purposes as papyrus paper. These substances along with papyrus were known to as ‘tapa’ that is a universal term to refer to all ancestral forms of modern day paper.

Papers predecessors’ tapa and papyrus made use of pressed animal skin and bark as well as plant pitch, whereas true (modern) paper is considered to be made from the pulp of individual cellulose fibers, mainly from cotton, wood, flax, rags (from textiles), wastepaper, and later, other synthetic fibers. At the most basic level, these are made using a partition (or screen), and carefully pressed and dried, in a similar fashion to our paper making recipe.

Ts’ai-Lun, a Chinese imperial court official, is recognized as the founder of modern paper. Around 105 AD, Ts-ai-Lun produced the first official paper samples that he presented to the emperor, Han Ho Ti. It is known that he used the inner bark from the Mulberry tree together with hemp rags. Later, he experimented with a range of other fibers (including bamboo and sesame fiber) to improve the quality and robustness of his paper.

Up until the 19th century, handmade paper was the dominant form; from then on, with a growth in paper machinery, paper became industrialised.

Paper has earned its place in history – a long history that dates back to ancient Egypt – as fundamental to shaping the way we communicate today. Were it not for paper, everyday tasks of reading and writing would have suffered a painfully slow evolution. Modern day institutions, such as schools, libraries, churches, law courts, all rely on paper in some way or another to function. Although computers and the internet are replacing paper communications in many ways (and thankfully saving more and more trees), paper in all its many manifestations still remains central to our daily lives.

How To Make Paper

As the most influential and widely used form of communication, paper has maintained a long history, which dates back to ancient Egypt, where the ancient Egyptians used papyrus to fashion scrolls.

Papyrus

Papyrus

In contrast to the paper making industry, where paper is produced on a mass scale, mostly for printing and publication, paper can easily be made in the comfort of your own home or art studio, by simply recycling household items. There are various approaches to creating homemade paper; we have provided you with one simple paper making recipe to get you started.

There are many advantages to making your own paper. Here are just a few:

  • Eco-friendly – items such as newspaper, egg boxes and paper scraps are all free and can easily be recycled to create wonderful works of art at no cost to the environment.
  • So simple and affordable – all of the ingredients and tools needed for the paper making process are common household items, from which you can have beautiful sheets of paper in just a few hours.
  • Great for kids – sticking to the simple recipe, the creative outcome of any paper making project is limitless; you can add herbs, leaves, glitter, coloring to any paper recipe to give it its own personal touch.
  • Great for gifts – create great birthday and Christmas presents, such as notebooks, journals, sketchbooks simply requiring no additional money.

Getting Started – Paper Tools and Ingredients

Before any paper making project, the first step is to gather the tools you are going to need to make your paper. These include a plastic basin, sponge, blender, and a nylon screen. You will also need two identical frames, a stapler, and a piece of fine mesh to create your deckle and mould.

Next, you will need to scout your home for paper items to recycle. Collect old newspapers, egg boxes, scrap computer paper, cards, notebooks, napkins, tissue paper – anything paper items that are destined for the bin. Then, simply follow the step-by-step paper making recipe, and you will have fantastic paper in a matter of hours.

Paper Decorations – Adding Color, Texture and Character to your Paper

It’s all in the ingredients. Newspaper can produce a grayish color; boxes can produce a thicket pulp; tissue paper can give you a finer paper form. There are additional things you can add however to make your paper creations all the more unique. Consider adding some of the following:

  • Dried herbs
  • Dried leaves
  • Dried flowers (roses are great; so are wildflowers)
  • Seeds
  • Thread
  • Spices
  • Food coloring
  • Glitter

The best time to add these items to your paper are right after the paper pulp has been blended (Step 2). Other effects, such as making paper look old, can happen once your paper has been properly dried out. There are many ways to make old paper – the best are soaking the paper in tea or coffee, holding it over a candle flame, or pressing the paper over a stove. For more information on making paper look old, visit WikiHow for directions.

Paper Arts and Crafts

There is so much stuff that can be made from your homemade paper, including great gift ideas, such as notebooks, journals, scrap books, photo albums, paper bags and much more. You could even create recycled handcrafted paper for sale – as you have seen the costs of producing wonderful paper creations are next to nothing. All that is required is a bit of your time; and the more creative you are, the more valuable the outcome.

Papyrus 2

Papyrus 2

Once you have learned how to make paper, paper folding is another technique that may interest you, whether you want to learn the Japanese art of origami, or make simple decorations or create fun activities for kids. Quite simply, you are able to create a paper star, lantern, heart, gun, football, dragon, swan, frog, butterfly, airplane or paper snowflakes, dolls, trees, cranes, hats, – the options are limitless. Visit our paper making resources page to find out more paper folding instructions.

The Green With Industrial Packaging

There is much debate on exactly how we should deal with environmental issues like global warming and retreat of glaciers, but few have the slightest doubt in their mind about the need to address the problem before it becomes unmanageable. Manufacturers of industrial packaging supplies do their part by ensuring that their products are not bad for the environment. Researchers are constantly trying to develop products that would be good for the environment. At Imperial College London scientists have developed a biodegradable polymer that could be used for the manufacture of plastics that can be used by manufacturers of industrial packaging supplies.

go green boxes

One of the ways supplies can industrial board may make an enabling environment is making them biodegradable. After these products are used, they are decomposed by bacteria and thus they become part of the earth. This means they will not take place in landfills that are harmful to the environment. You might be surprised to know that these products are made from items that makes us eat regularly! For example, sugar, potatoes and maize are used for the manufacture of printing and packaging materials.

Another way to deal with environmental issues is to recycle the packaging materials industry. If the products are packed in cartons, these packages can be used as raw materials for the manufacture of packaging equipment from other after they have been used.

Source reduction is also an effective means of preventing damage to the environment. Source reduction is to reduce the toxicity or quantity of waste that is created. Manufacturers of industrial packaging supplies try to ensure that elements that usually lead to the creation of toxic waste are not used. If they can not prevent the production of a certain quantity of waste, they are trying to reuse in another form. This is beneficial for them also because they do not pay for municipal composting, combustion, or landfilling.

Some people think that opting for environmentally friendly products is very expensive. However, this is not true. It is actually possible to save money, even taking measures that respect the environment. For example, it is good to make products that can be reused. It is an economic measure long-term.

If you want environmentally friendly industrial packaging supplies, which are as durable and economical that you have chosen your supplier with great care.

Different Packaging Materials

Each day ideas churning reach heights in your business is sometimes a difficult task. With so many competitors racing with you, to pursue business strategies old is not going to work. Target your customers rather than spend money blindly to advertising.

Provide a gift wrapping service is an option that has had serious consequences. With the gift-wrapping service on the product sold, you are generating profits and satisfy your customer needs. If you’re still not convinced by this solution, then I want to ensure that the packaging solution gift caused a remarkable increase in the sale of products. Below you can find some tips that may require you to include this service in your stores and your company:

Gift bags and boxes: – Provide your customers with gift bags and decorated with colored boxes purchased products really pleases the customers. The customer will be required to visit your store again and again. A gift box for a client is really a relief when he goes shopping in the closing minutes for a wedding.

Specialty Packaging: – Perhaps a new term for you. But the name itself defines the term. Some special packaging for goods like colorful tin boxes, wine bags, gift cards and CD cases, and there are many more names, that enhance the beauty of donations. Offer a gift wrapping service to customers during the festival seasons will increase your sells off-season as well. You can find many online stores offering a wide range of specialty printing and packaging materials.

Apparel Boxes: – Apparel boxes are the right alternatives for bulky boxes. Set a medium-sized boxes of clothes that you will offer. People are often carrying large boxes of donated clothing, even small ones. This type of packaging spoils the beauty of the gifts.

Gift wrapping and tissue paper: – Gift of color with colored tissue paper rolls are famous for wrapping gifts. Your store will be paradise for young people as they like to present gifts with colorful envelopes. Use tissue paper to wrap gifts and use gift envelope delicate color to decorate gift bags. colored tissue paper adds flavor to gift bags.

Ribbons and bows: – colorful ribbons and bows should be used to decorate gift boxes and gift boxes of clothing. colored ribbons and bows are available on wholesale rates. ribbons of color can be used to attach the gift boxes. Bows can be marked on the boxes and gift bags.

organza ribbon

Apart from the attention of: – Most manufacturers focus on the product. Neglecting how the product should be delivered to the customer. Guest will enjoy what’s inside if outside is done properly. This is why proper packaging is necessary. .

Application client: – Do you as a customer, you are asked if you want to buy a gift. Implement these things in your business and you will certainly see changes. Changes drive your business ahead of others.

All the above ingredients will make your store a destination shop for your customers. Gift wrapping service can boost your store sells a large extent. The gifts are among the best products that are purchased and gift wrapping service to push your selling heights.

The Dual-Dispensing Packaging Technology

Duels can deliver products at low cost while preserving the activity and effectiveness of individual components. For these products, the incompatibility of the ingredients requires that the elements remain separate until the time of use.

There are several categories of packaging technology for double-room:

1) Dual compartments

2) Double tubes

3) Double rooms in a single discharge orifice

The technologies associated with these types of containers can be double or custom tailored for the distribution of products of different viscosities, pasta thick aqueous solutions.

dual dispensing

The main difference between these two types of distributors is the way the components are mixed twins. In general, the components are transported and then used a mixed brush in a cup in hand, etc. Sometimes, the mixture may be in a third room that is part of the transport package.

Double containers can be made of plastic, glass or metal. Dual-distribution technologies also offer varying degrees of accuracy of the dose to dose delivery and the mixing ratio of components. For some products, the need for clean dispensing device has to be considered. A clean cut will prevent cross contamination of two components to the outlet.

Two main factors control the advance of dual-packed on the market. The first is the cost of packaging. In general, products with double can not compete on price plateau. Shelf price is a function of manufacturing, material and other costs. The cost of packing dual compartments is increased due to the complexity of overall compared to two separate containers of incompatible components or a single container with a mixture of two components.

Manufacturing costs are also higher for both packaged products because the containers are essentially conditioned double twice. Two completed packages must be delivered, filled, and sealed, for each unit of output tray. The manufacturing costs of printing and packaging are also double up the complexity of the production operation.

The second factor that may lead packages double the market is the reformulation. A manufacturer can develop a formulation or process that “compatibilizes” incompatible elements, which avoids the need for the package of two compartments.

Directive provides that new products with roots in the pharmaceutical industry, health and personal care areas adapt clam products for a specific need for technology and unique double bedroom. These introductions market provides the user with a superior product and the manufacturer of a new means of delivering this product. The coming years should see movement in the use of this technology.

The dual compartment package has just started a cycle that will take time to complete – time for consumers to receive benefits offered by the duality of the packaging unit, the time to test products, and time to review the results. If the result can be obtained by an alternative less expensive or higher performance, double packaged product will fail in the market.

Packaging For Online Business

Have you ever waited impatiently for something special to appear in the mail to receive a box with pieces broken off inside or liquid flowing down the sides? Printing and packaging has always been an essential component of successful retail products. The packaging is also essential for successful online sales.

bubble envelop

However, there are differences between the two types of packaging that must be considered. When a product is displayed in a retail store, it is in competition with any other product on the shelf for the consumer’s attention. The boxes are normally bright, multi-colored, and gilding and embossing. The boxes seem to cry out, a visual way, “Hey, look at me!” Available online, the product is sold long before the consumer sees the packaging, but packaging is still critical to creating a satisfied customer. Some points to consider when choosing packaging for products that are sold online and shipped to the buyer.

Do not spend too much on your packaging, because it will not compete against a hundred other packages on the board of Wal-Mart or Best Buy. UV varnish, gilding, embossing, and other senior enhancers cost of packaging is not necessary.

Do not spend too little on your package, because it must still consider the quality and value of the product inside. You can use one, two, or four color printing to improve the package. Do you ensure that your packaging is strong enough to make it through the mail.

Make sure the package is anti-crash. Some boxes require an internal structure made of cardboard, foam or plastic in the form of vacuum to prevent crushing.

Test your package by sending five packets to a few people you know in the different regions of the country or, for that ship products overseas in the world. Ask them to return the products for you. How to keep the packaging? Is it still look good? Is there something you feel good about receiving it for yourself? What the pack to protect the product? If there is a crash, bad tear, or damage to the product, rework your design and test again.

Do not spend too little, do not overspend, test thoroughly, and your packaging is just right.